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# High Energy Physics - Theory

# Title: Superradiance in String Theory

(Submitted on 11 Mar 2021 (v1), last revised 17 May 2021 (this version, v2))

Abstract: We perform an extensive analysis of the statistics of axion masses and interactions in compactifications of type IIB string theory, and we show that black hole superradiance excludes some regions of Calabi-Yau moduli space. Regardless of the cosmological model, a theory with an axion whose mass falls in a superradiant band can be probed by the measured properties of astrophysical black holes, unless the axion self-interaction is large enough to disrupt formation of a condensate. We study a large ensemble of compactifications on Calabi-Yau hypersurfaces, with $1 \leq h^{1,1} \leq 491$ closed string axions, and determine whether the superradiance conditions on the masses and self-interactions are fulfilled. The axion mass spectrum is largely determined by the K\"ahler parameters, for mild assumptions about the contributing instantons, and takes a nearly-universal form when $h^{1,1} \gg 1$. When the K\"ahler moduli are taken at the tip of the stretched K\"ahler cone, the fraction of geometries excluded initially grows with $h^{1,1}$, to a maximum of $\approx 0.5$ at $h^{1,1} \approx 160$, and then falls for larger $h^{1,1}$. Further inside the K\"ahler cone, the superradiance constraints are far weaker, but for $h^{1,1} \gg 100$ the decay constants are so small that these geometries may be in tension with astrophysical bounds, depending on the realization of the Standard Model.

## Submission history

From: Viraf Mehta [view email]**[v1]**Thu, 11 Mar 2021 17:33:24 GMT (7230kb,D)

**[v2]**Mon, 17 May 2021 17:47:58 GMT (7499kb,D)

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